Taekwondo (also, Tae Kwon Do, Taekwon-Do, or Tae Kwon-Do) is a martial art and combat sport originating in Korea. Taekwondo is the national sport of South Korea and sparring, kyeorugi, is an Olympic sporting event. In Korean, derived from hanja, tae (跆) means to destroy with the feet; kwon (拳) means to strike or smash with the hand; and do (道) means "path", "way" or "method". Hence, taekwondo is loosely translated as "the way of the feet and fist".

Taekwondo’s popularity has resulted in the divergent evolution of the martial art. As with many other martial arts, taekwondo is a combination of combat technique, self-defense, sport, exercise, entertainment, and philosophy.

Although there are great doctrinal and technical differences among public and private taekwondo organizations, the art in general emphasizes kicks thrown from a mobile stance, using the leg’s greater reach and power to disable the opponent from a distance.

In sparring, turning, front, reverse turning and side kicks are often used, as well as the backfist and reverse punch; advanced kicks include jump, spin, sliding, and skip kicks, often in combination. Taekwondo training often includes a system of blocks, punches, open-handed strikes and may include various take-downs or sweeps, throws, and joint locks, though it generally does not emphasize grappling.
Taekwondo is a modern martial art, characterized by it’s fast, high and spinning kicks. Taekwondo (also written as "tae kwon do", "taekwon-do" or "t’aegwondo") is a modern martial art from Korea that is characterised by its fast, high and spinning kicks.

There are multiple interpretations of the name taekwondo. Taekwondo is often translated as ‘the way of hand and foot’. My definition of the name Taekwondo is

  • Tae : ‘to strike or block with the foot’ or ‘to kick’, it also means ‘jump’
  • Kwon : ‘Fist’, ‘to strike or block with hand’
  • Do : ‘The way of’ or ‘art’.

    Put this together and Taekwondo means: "The art of Kicking and Punching" or "The art of unarmed combat". The sport has been founded in Korea and is one of the popular modern martial arts.
    Taekwondo is famed for its use of kicking techniques, which distinguishes it from martial arts such as karate or southern styles of kung fu. The rationale is that the leg is the longest and strongest weapon a martial artist has, and kicks thus have the greatest potential to execute powerful strikes without successful retaliation.

    Taekwondo is the name of the martial art turned modern international sport which has been independently developed over about 20 centuries in Korea. The main feature of Taekwondo is that it is a free-fighting. All of its activities are based on defensive spirit since Taekwondo was developed as a defense against enemy attacks. In old days people living simple lives lacked physical fitness and their bodies became bent in their old age. Teadwondo also in their mental discipline, because they entire bodies. For a Taekwondo man, this entire body is a upon. and he is easily able to attack and beat off an aggressor with hands, fists, elbows, knees, feet or any part of this body.

    The most important fact about Teakwondo as a martial art sport is that it is now only a superior art of self-defense, but it adds remarkable born since to its practitioners. Self-confidence makes people generous in their attitudes toward weaker people. They can stand equally against of force. The practice. The virtues of modesty and generosity are fundamentally based on self-confidence.

    Taekwondo as a sport and exercise is popular with people of both sexes and of many ages. Physically, taekwondo develops strength, speed, balance, flexibility, and stamina. An example of the union of mental and physical discipline is the breaking of boards, which requires both physical mastery of the technique and the concentration to focus one’s strength.

    A taekwondo student typically wears a uniform (dobok 도복), often white but sometimes black or other colors, with a belt (tti 띠) tied around the waist. The belt indicates the student’s rank. The school or place where instruction is given is called the dojang 도장.

    Objectives of Taekwondo:

    • to develop an appreciation for Taekwondo as a sport and as an art
    • to achieve physical fitness through positive participation
    • to improve mental discipline and emotional equanimity
    • to learn self-defense skills
    • to develop a sense of responsibility for one self and others.

    Taekwondo competition typically involves sparring, breaking, patterns, and/or self-defense (hosinsul). However, in Olympic taekwondo competition, only sparring is contested; and in Olympic sparring the WTF competition rules are used. Although WTF Taekwondo is a full contact sport where it is allowed to kick to the head (throwing punches to the head are not allowed), it is not very dangerous to practise Taekwondo. During training, there is no need to actually win so contact is light. During competition, full protection is used to protect the competitors.

    To avoid head injuries, a competitor is not allowed to participate in a competition for three months (this time-period seems to vary) if one was knocked out by a kick to the head. If the same incident happens again after these three months, you are not allowed to participate for half a year. Another K.O. to the head after this half year period results in a permanent exclusion of competitions.

    ITF Taekwondo is so-called semi-contact. It is not allowed to attack the head with full force. However, it is allowed to throw punches to the head, by using the so-called "killing-blow", stop just an inch before the target. To avoid injuries, ITF uses gloves at sparring-competition.

    Tae Kwon Do is the Korean art of self-defence and means "The Art of Hand and Foot Fighting". Tae Kwon Do indicates the technique of unarmed combat for self-defence, involving skilled application of punches, kicks, blocks, dodges and restraints. Most of all Tae Kwon Do is about self-imposed discipline, fitness and inner peace.

    The art itself however has evolved with time to reflect the needs and aspirations of the modern martial artist. Tae Kwon Do is a martial art developed over 20 centuries ago in Korea. The earliest records of its practice date back to 50BC where tomb paintings show men in fighting stances practising forms known as Taek Kyon.

    Filed under: Martial Arts Styles

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